The forefoot consists of the five toes and their connecting long bones, the metatarsals Each toe (phalanx) is made up of several small bones called phalanges The phalanges of all five toes are connected to the metatarsals by metatarsophalangeal joints at the ball of the foot. The forefoot bears half the body's weight and balances pressure on the ball of the foot. There are many reasons why you might have toe pain and it is important to find the cause is so you can get on your path to fixing or controlling the problem. This article outlines some of the most common causes and potential treatments. This is only a brief overview about the common causes of toe pain at night. While some of these medical conditions cause sudden and excruciating toe pain, particularly at night, others may cause persistent or intermittent pain that may or may not extend till night. In case you develop such toe pain, consult a healthcare professional and get it diagnosed and treated. A hammertoe is a permanent deformity of your toe joint. With hammertoe, your toe bends up slightly and then curls downward, resting on its tip. When forced into this position long enough, the tendons of your toe contract and it stiffens into a hammer, or claw-like, shape. Most people think a bunion is an abnormal growth of bone at the base of the big toe. This is incorrect (at least in most cases). A bunion is actually a structural problem where the big toe joint becomes subluxed and drifts towards the smaller toes. A displaced bone, called a metatarsal, becomes prominent on the inside of the foot. The bunion simply refers to the enlarged prominent 'knobby' area. An Unsightly Bunion? Foot care experts are less concerned with cosmetic appearance as they are about pain, activity restrictions and overall foot function. Often insurance companies only cover medical bunion treatments if pain is present, regardless of size. High Blood Pressure. High blood pressure can cause fluid buildup and swollen feet. The effects of high blood pressure on the nervous and circulatory systems can cause pain, loss of sensation, and tingling in the feet, and can increase the susceptibility for infection and foot ulcers. Obesity. Weight gain can cause foot and ankle problems. According to survey data presented at the 2005 annual meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, an increased body mass index (BMI) raised the risk for foot and ankle pain. Pregnancy. Pregnancy can cause fluid buildup and swollen feet. The increased weight and imbalance of pregnancy contributes to foot stress. Symptoms of metatarsalgia may range from mild discomfort to severe pain, and usually increases as pressure is placed on the ball of the foot, such as when standing. The pain is often described as a burning sensation or a sharp shooting pain. In others it may be as subtle as a sensation of tingling or numbness in their toes. These symptoms of metatarsalgia can be summarized as possibly including; Fortunately the OSMO Patch used together with proper rest now offers an Intelligent 100% Natural Alternative to reducing pain and swelling associated with metatarsalgia! Ever think of sending a card to your doctor, chiropractor, dentist? Tell him/her how much you appreciate their efforts, how much you are improving. When you know he or she has really gone the extra mile, a bottle of wine at Christmas wouldn't go amiss! We in the healing professions can also do with a little encouragement from time to time. Shoe inners may be very helpful, particularly if pronation of the foot exists. A common chiropractic brand is made by Foot Levelers. FootLevelers is one of the foremost manufacturers of shoe inserts Treatment usually starts with switching to shoes that have wide toe boxes, low heels and good arch support. A foot-care specialist may also recommend an adhesive pad to fit under the front of your foot. Custom-made shoe inserts, or orthotics, can correct any structural foot problems that might contribute to nerve compression. Generally, these symptoms grow worse over time, but some people have stated that their severe symptoms began suddenly. Symptoms have been known to occur in this manner after people increase their physical activity. Check your feet daily for problems. Cover blisters or minor cuts and scrapes; see your doctor if they haven?t healed in two or three days. After sleeping, the muscles of your foot and calf naturally tighten up, which can cause discomfort in the morning. Your foot pain in the morning may also be caused by plantar fasciitis, tendinitis or a stress fracture. Athletes such as runners and dancers - and overweight individuals - may be at higher risk of sustaining a foot injury. Treatment includes stretching, ice and anti-inflammatory drugs. Consult your physician about persistent foot pain. Plantar Fasciitis Stretching, exercising, and using ALL of your feet as you stand and walk will improve your balance, make your movements more graceful, and provide a more solid, grounded foundation for your body and your voice.